Biochemical composition and condition of wild blackfin snook Centropomus medius through the reproductive cycle

Minerva Maldonado-García, Vicente Gracia-López, Alexia Omont, Jesús Rodriguez-Romero, Carlos Rosas-Vázquez, Manuel Carrillo

Submited: 2023-01-23 18:28:51 | Published: 2024-02-29 22:09:27

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol52-issue1-fulltext-3046

Abstract


The blackfin snook, Centropomus medius, is a valuable fish in American and Mexican markets, mainly from catches. Nonetheless, information and studies about the biology of this species still need to be made available; thus, its aquaculture should be developed. This study aimed to describe the seasonal changes of proximate composition during a reproductive cycle of C. medius, analyzing differences between tissues and their changes related to the reproductive process. The snook specimens were collected in Magdalena Bay, Baja California Sur, Mexico, and measured every month from September 2001 to November 2002. Liver, gonads, muscle tissue, and intraperitoneal fat (IPF) were sampled and weighed. The gonadosomatic index (GSI), hepatosomatic index (HSI), IPF ratio, and condition factor index (K) were calculated. The biochemical composition was analyzed in the gonad, liver, and muscle. The reproductive period (RP) of wild C. medius in Baja California Sur, Mexico, was from June to December. The spawning period was recorded at summer temperature (25-30°C) and photoperiod (>13 h daylight) starting in September. High GSI values (gonad development), low HSI values (lipid reserve mobilization), low IPF, and low K ratio were related to elevated temperatures. Moreover, variations were observed in protein, total lipid, triglycerides, and glycogen content in muscle, liver, and gonad according to the reproductive phase. A positive correlation was demonstrated between protein contents in muscle, gonad, and K, with lower concentrations during RP, while liver protein composition showed an opposite pattern. Lipids were mainly present in the liver, and the concentration decreased during RP while muscle increased. The results obtained in this study show differences in the proximate analyses in the liver, muscle, and gonads throughout the year concerning different phases of the reproductive cycle, indicating a great dependence of this process on the mobilization of reserves during C. medius reproduction. Therefore, understanding the feeding requirements to pursue the management of this species in captivity for aquaculture development is greatly important.

Maldonado-García M, Gracia-López V, Omont A, Rodriguez-Romero J, Rosas-Vázquez C, Carrillo M. Biochemical composition and condition of wild blackfin snook Centropomus medius through the reproductive cycle. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2024;52(1): 32-46. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol52-issue1-fulltext-3046 [Accessed 21 Apr. 2024].
Maldonado-García, M., Gracia-López, V., Omont, A., Rodriguez-Romero, J., Rosas-Vázquez, C., & Carrillo, M. (2024). Biochemical composition and condition of wild blackfin snook Centropomus medius through the reproductive cycle. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 52(1), 32-46. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol52-issue1-fulltext-3046